July 18th 1817 marks the day that Jane Austen died 202 years ago.
Jane had been ill for about a year and her condition gradually worsened. William Curtis, her Alton Apothecary, advised her to go to Winchester and consult Dr Lyford at a new hospital on Parchment Street.
Her family escorted her the 16 miles by carriage from Chawton to Winchester on a particuarly gloomy and rainy day in March 1817. Her friend Elizabeth Bigg was now married and living in the Cathedral Close, and she helped to arrange the lodgings for Jane at 8 College Street.
Although Dr Lyford visited often, he could not cure Jane as she was suffering from what we now know as Addisons disease. In the early hours of July 18th she died in her sister’s arms, aged just 41. She lay in her coffin for a week on the ground floor of the house, before being taken by cart on July 24th to Winchester Cathedral to be buried.
Jane’s brothers Edward, Frank and Henry attended the short service with her nephew James Edward standing in for Jane’s brother James who was ill. Her other brother Charles was too far away in Eastbourne to attend.
It was not considered proper for ladies to attend funerals, so Cassandra and her sister-in-law Mary Lloyd watched the procession from the bay window on the first floor.
The service took place early in the morning before services began.
Jane is buried under the floor of the north aisle of the nave.
Her gravestone talks of Jane’s sweetness and kind heart, and the irreparable loss felt by her family. There is no mention of Jane as a writer. The inscription says,
In Memory of
youngest daughter of the late
REV GEORGE AUSTEN
formerly Rector of Steventon in this County
she departed this Life on the 18th July, 1817
aged 41, after a long illness supported with
the patience and the hopes of a Christian.
The benevolence of her heart,
the sweetness of her temperment
the extraordinary endowments of her mind
obtained the regard of all who knew her and
the warmest love of her intimate connections
Their grief is in proportion to their affection
they know their loss to be irreparable
but in their deepest affliction they are consoled
by a firm though humble hope that her charity,
devotion, faith and purity have rendered
her soul acceptable in the sight of her
Jane Austen Brass Plaque
As Jane’s fame as a writer steadily grew, her family felt that Jane should be recognised for her writing abilities. In 1870, her nephew James Edward wrote a memoir about his Aunt Jane and used the proceeds to finance a brass plaque. It is mounted on the wall next to Jane’s gravestone, and is inscribed,
Known to many by her
writings, endeared to
her family by the
varied charms of her
Character, and ennobled
by Christian Faith
and Piety, was born
at Steventon in the
county of Hants Dec
wvi mdcclxxv and buried
in this Cathedral
July xxiv mdcccxvii
“She openeth her
mouth with wisdom
and in her tonuge is
the law of kindness”
Prob xxxi vi xxvi
Jane Austen Memorial Window
By 1900, Jane was famous enough for a memorial window. Made by Charles Eamer Kempe (1837-1907) it sits above the brass plaque and Jane’s gravestone.
The top panel features Saint Augustine reminding us of Jane’s own name, and on either side the Austen family coat-of-arms. King David is holding his harp high as he plays. On the four outer panels are the sons of Korah holding scrolls of Psalm texts.
Saint John sits at the bottom of the window holding a scroll that simply says, “In the beginning was the Word“.
Your Visit to Winchester
To find 8 College Street, face the Cathedral entrance. Go down the side passageway on your right and keeping right, walk along the pathway through The Close. You will pass Elizabeth’s impressive house on your right, Number 11. Keep going until you pass through the walled gates, then turn left through St Swithuns archway. (The church is above and the bookshop is underneath). Turn left and walk down College Street and you will see Number 8 on your right. It is past the P&G Bookshop that Jane’s father used to buy his books from.
You will see a memorial slate plaque on the wall of the house. It is a private residence and not open to visitors. The best view is from the gardens across the road.
To visit Winchester Cathedral there is a charge. It opens daily, though closes frequently for events. You can attend a service free of charge. It is worth checking you can enter before you set off.
We can recommend the Cathedral’s own Jane Austen Tour held on the first Saturday of every month.
(Please note that the Catheral is closed from 12.30pm on July 18th, 2019 for a Graduation Ceremony)